Q. What if I am citing the same source two or more times in a row using the Chicago Manual of Style/Turabian?


In the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style (also known as Turabian), the first time you cite a source in the text, the corresponding note (footnote or endnote) should be a full note citation.

For example:

Full footnote/endnote citation:

1 Robert G. Wick, “‘He Was a Friend of Us Poor Men’: Ida M. Tarbell and Abraham Lincoln’s View of Democracy,” Indiana Magazine of History 114, no. 4 (December 2018): 255, https://doi.org/10.2979/indimagahist.114.4.01.

George Herbert, Scientists for the Ethical Treatment of Lab Animals in the United States (New York: Putnam, 2004), 303.

Any subsequent citations for that source can be shortened versions. This should include the author’s last name, a shortened version of the title (if longer than 4 words), and page numbers (or other directing information). For example:

Shortened Footnote/Endnote:

Wick,"Poor Men," 256.

Herbert, Ethical Treatment, 304.

If you immediately cite the same source again, you can omit the title. For example:

5 Herbert, 305

The page number cannot be omitted if you cite the same page again. For example:

6 Herbert, 305

If you switch back to another source you have already cited in full, you use the shortened version with the title. 

For example: 

Wick,"Poor Men," 256.

Note: previous editions of the Chicago Manual of Style allowed for the use of Ibid. (Latin for Ibidem, "in the same place") when citing a source multiple times in a row. The use of shortened citations is now preferred over the use of Ibid.

More Resources:

Chicago Manual of Style

Sample Chicago Manual of Style paper

OWL at Purdue-Chicago Manual of Style

How to Add Footnotes/Endnotes in Microsoft Word


  • Last Updated Jun 10, 2020
  • Views 0
  • Answered By Patty Hude

FAQ Actions

Was this helpful? 0   0